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Cocaine & Crack Cocaine

Cocaine and Crack Cocaine are highly addictive drugs. It isn’t uncommon for users to become addicted after using for the first time. Nonetheless, thousands of users have been known to break their cocaine addiction and get back on their feet. At the All About Recovery, we help substance abusers work through physical and psychological dependencies with proven methods. We offer patients effective treatments like Addiction Therapy, Outpatient Care, Aftercare and a Long-Term Drug and Alcohol Program.

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How is Cocaine/Crack Taken?

Cocaine is a drug derived from cocoa leaves. It is sometimes mixed with baking soda to produce what is known as crack cocaine, a hardened form of the drug. It is commonly known by several different names, such as coke, snow, candy, rock, bump, and dust. Cocaine is a very powerful drug, so individuals don’t need much of it to get high. Nonetheless, this illegal drug is widely misused for its associated side effects. After cannabis, cocaine is the most frequently used drug in the United States. Cocaine is typically snorted, but some users choose to strew the powder on cigarettes or joints. Crack cocaine is typically only smoked with what is a known as a crack pipe.

Here are several of the ways the drug can be taken:

  • Snorted
  • Smoked
  • Ingested
  • Injected intravenously
  • Rubbed on user’s gums

Short-Term Effects of Cocaine/Crack

Users typically state that they use cocaine for its rapid-onset high. The drug immediately affects the central nervous system by providing the body with a sense of euphoria. Cocaine causes the human brain to flood with dopamine, so this sense of euphoria comes from this effect. Users also report a sense of grandiosity or an inflated ego. The drug’s effects are often used for several different purposes, such as staying alert to complete a task. Some individuals choose to take cocaine as a method to lose weight.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse determined the following side effects as symptoms of cocaine or crack use:

  • Anxiety/Paranoia
  • Restlessness
  • Insomnia
  • Loss of libido
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Sweating
  • Dilated pupils
  • Constricted blood vessels
  • Increased energy
  • Elevated mood
  • Vertigo
  • Muscle Twitches/Tremors

Long Term Effects of Crack/Cocaine Addiction

According to Narconon, extended use of cocaine can irritate the nasal passageway causing a loss in the sense of smell in many users. Another effect common in users with a cocaine addiction is Rhabdomyolysis, which means that muscle fibers begin to break down and flood the user’s bloodstream. This symptom usually leads to kidney failure and then death. Crack usage has sometimes led to infertility in both men and women. Many of the effects associated with cocaine and crack use can lead to hospitalization or even death.

Here is a list of some of the long-term symptoms:

  • Lung damage
  • Seizures
  • Stroke
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Severe Weight loss
  • Abdominal/chest pain
  • Severe migraines
  • Rhabdomyolysis
  • Psychosis
  • Chronic fatigue

Withdrawal for Cocaine Addiction

Withdrawal symptoms that result from cocaine usage last around one week. The symptoms usually present themselves in the following ways:

  • Paranoia
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Apathy
  • Irritability
  • Disorientation
  • Chronic Exhaustion

The severity of the symptoms usually depends on the frequency of drug use. If users are frequent users, naturally their symptoms will be more severe. There are several pharmaceutical approaches to treating the symptoms that arise from withdrawal from cocaine and some have been found to be successful.

Withdrawal for Crack Addiction

Many individuals consider crack cocaine one of the most addictive drugs available. Users feel cravings and withdrawal symptoms only 10 minutes after the effects of the drug wear off. The drug itself is very addictive; users will often resort to illegal methods in order to resupply themselves with crack. The withdrawal symptoms for crack cocaine are very similar to those seen in cocaine withdrawal. These symptoms can typically last for 1-3 weeks. It’s not uncommon for users to relapse due to the severity of the withdrawal symptoms.

Detoxing from Cocaine/Crack

The best way to successfully become sober from either cocaine or crack is to detox under medical supervision. Facilities can provide users with medications to suppress some of the symptoms that arise during withdrawal from both drugs. For more information give us a call at 888-712-8480. We treat both crack and cocaine addiction with our specialized outpatient programs at our rehabilitation center.


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